Bush Welcomes Newly Formed Iraqi Interim
THE WHITE HOUSE
Office of the Press Secretary
June 1, 2004
REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT ON IRAQI INTERIM GOVERNMENT
The Rose Garden
THE PRESIDENT: Good morning. Today in Baghdad, U.N. Special Envoy Lakhdar
Brahimi, and Iraqi Prime Minister Iyad Allawi, announced the members of Iraq's
new interim government. Consulting with hundreds of Iraqis from a variety of
backgrounds, Mr. Brahimi has recommended a team that possesses the talent,
commitment and resolve to guide Iraq through the challenges that lie ahead.
On June 30th, this interim government will assume full sovereignty and will
oversee all ministries and all functions of the Iraqi state. Those ministries
will report to Prime Minister Allawi, who will be responsible for the day-to-day
operations of Iraq's interim government. Dr. Allawi is a strong leader. He
endured exile for decades and survived assassination attempts by Saddam's
regime. He was trained as a physician, has worked as a businessman and has
always been an Iraqi patriot.
Prime Minister Allawi and Mr. Brahimi announced Iraq's interim President, Ghazi
Al-Yawar, an engineer from northern Iraq. They also announced two deputy
presidents, Dr. Ibrahim Jaafari, who is a physician born in Karbala; and Dr.
Rowsch Shaways, a prominent political and military leader who also has been a
long-time opponent of Saddam's tyranny.
The new 33-member cabinet announced today reflects new leadership, drawn from a
broad cross section of Iraqis. Five are regional officials, six are women, and
the vast majority of government ministries will have new ministers. The foremost
tasks of this new interim government will be to prepare Iraq for a national
election no later than January of next year, and to work with our coalition to
provide the security that will make that election possible. That election will
choose a transitional national assembly, the first freely elected, truly
representative national governing body in Iraq's history.
Earlier today I spoke to Secretary General Kofi Annan. I congratulated him on
the U.N.'s role in forming this new government. We also discussed the
preparation for national elections and our common work on a new Security Council
resolution that will express international support for Iraq's interim
government, reaffirm the world's security commitment to the Iraqi people and
encourage other U.N. members to join in the effort of building a free Iraq.
Last week, I outlined the five steps to helping Iraq achieve democracy and
freedom. We will hand over authority to a sovereign Iraqi government, help
establish security, continue rebuilding Iraq's infrastructure, encourage more
international support and move toward a national election that will bring
forward new leaders empowered by the Iraqi people. The naming of the new interim
government brings us one step closer to realizing the dream of millions of
Iraqis -- a fully sovereign nation with a representative government that
protects their rights and serves their needs.
Many challenges remain. Today's violence underscores that freedom in Iraq is
opposed by violent men who seek the failure not only of this interim government,
but of all progress toward liberty. We will stand with the Iraqi people in
defeating the enemies of freedom and those who oppose democracy in Iraq. The
killers know that Iraq is the central front in the war on terror. The return of
tyranny to Iraq would embolden the terrorists, leading to more bombings, more
beheadings and more murders of the innocent around the world.
The rise of a free and self-governing Iraq will deny terrorists a base of
operation, discredit their narrow ideology, and give momentum to reformers
across the region. A free Iraq will be a decisive blow to terrorism at the heart
of its power, and a victory for the civilized world and for the security of
America. The will of Iraqis and our coalition is firm. We will not be deterred
by violence and terror. We will stand together and ensure that the future of
Iraq is a future of freedom.
I'll take some questions. Hunt.
QUESTION: Mr. President, you just spoke about more international support. With
the new government and the expected Security Council resolution, do you expect
-- what do you expect in the way of other countries to come forward with major
pledges of troops for Iraq? And do you think there's going to be more violence
as the turnover occurs?
THE PRESIDENT: I think, on the second half of that question, yes, I believe
there will be more violence, because there are still violent people who want to
stop progress. Listen, their strategy is -- hasn't changed. They want to kill
innocent lives to shake our will and to discourage the people inside Iraq.
That's what they want to do. And they're not going to shake our will.
In terms of whether or not there would be a major -- you said major commitment
of new troops? Is that the adjective you used, "major"?
Q: Yes, sir.
THE PRESIDENT: I don't know if there will be a major commitment of new troops,
but I think there will be a major focus on helping Iraq to become a free
country. And the next step in this process is to get a United Nations Security
Council resolution. And to this end, I have been speaking with a variety of
world leaders to encourage them to -- by telling them we're willing to work with
them to achieve language we can live with, but, more importantly, language that
the Iraqi government can live with.
And Kofi and I talked today, and he wants to hear from the new Iraqi government,
and I don't blame him. And we heard from the new Iraqi government, by the way,
today, and the new Prime Minister who stood up and thanked the American people,
for which I was grateful. He was speaking to the -- to the mothers and dads and
wives and husbands of our brave troops who have helped them become a free
country, and I appreciated his strong statement.
Q: Sir, where you surprised at the way the Governing Council took command of the
selection process? And are you concerned that the new President has had some
criticisms of the United States?
THE PRESIDENT: No, I don't -- from my perspective, Mr. Brahimi made the
decisions and brought their names to the Governing Council. As I understand it,
the Governing Council simply opined about names. It was Mr. Brahimi's selections
and -- Ambassador Bremer and Ambassador Blackwill were instructed by me to work
with Mr. Brahimi. As we say in American sports parlance, he was the quarterback.
And it seemed like a good group to me. I mean, they're diverse, as I mentioned,
a number of women are now involved in the government, which is a positive step
for the citizens of Iraq. Go ahead.
Q: The new President has had some criticisms of the United States. Are you --
THE PRESIDENT: The new President has had some criticisms?
Q: -- concerned about that?
THE PRESIDENT: Well, Mr. Brahimi put together a government that's going to be,
first and foremost, loyal to the Iraqi people. And that's important. It's a
government with which I believe we can work. Mr. Allawi said some strong
statements today about security matters on the ground, about how he wants to
work with the coalition forces to provide security so that the country can go
But, you know, I'm -- what I'm most for is for people who are willing to work
toward a free Iraq. That's my concern. And it sounds like to me that these men
are patriots, men and women are patriots who believe in the future of Iraq. And
if there is some criticism of the United States, so be it. The end result is a
peaceful Iraq in the heart of the Middle East.
Q: Mr. President, this new Iraqi government and others on the Security Council
have expressed an interest in this interim government having substantial power
over decisions -- military security decisions. This government has been clear
that when it comes to protecting U.S. troops, American commanders will do
everything that has to be done.
THE PRESIDENT: Right.
Q: Well, as you go to Europe now, in the next couple of days, what are you
prepared to do to bridge that gap, to give this new independent government the
sort of independence it's really asking for, while retaining this essential role
that you have to have in, you know, securing Iraq?
THE PRESIDENT: No, I think -- listen, the American people need to be assured
that if our troops are in harm way -- in harm's way, they will -- they will be
able to defend themselves without having to check with anybody else, other than
their commander. At the same time, I can assure the Iraqi citizens, as well as
our friends in Europe, that we have done these kind of security arrangements
before -- witness, Afghanistan, there is a sovereign government in Afghanistan,
there are U.S. troops and coalition troops there, and they're working very well
together. The Iraqis will have their own chain of command. And that's going to
be very important. In other words, the Iraqi army will report up to a chain of
command of Iraqis, not coalitions or Americans. And I think that's going to be
an important part of the spirit and the capabilities of an Iraqi army. But I'm
confident we can bridge any gap, David, because we have done it in country after
Q: Mr. President, some will see the presence of Iraqi exiles -- some of whom
have received money from the United States government in the past -- as proof,
in their minds, that this is a puppet government of the United States. Could you
answer that criticism? And explain what role, if any, you had in the names, as
THE PRESIDENT: I had no role. I mean, occasionally, somebody said, this person
may be interested, or that -- but I had no role in picking, zero.
Secondly, in terms of whether or not our government helped, we did help some of
the figures now in the interim government. We helped them because they were
fierce anti-Saddam people. We helped their organizations, which were -- which
believed that the tyranny of Saddam was bad for the Iraqi people.
Now, it's going to be up to the leaders to prove their worth to the Iraqi
citizens. In other words, the leaders are going to have to show the Iraqis that
they're independent, smart, capable, nationalistic, and believe in the future of
Iraq. And our job is to work with them.
But the decision-making process is very important for our citizens to
understand. The decision-making process is changing. Bremer comes home and the
new government replaces Ambassador Bremer. And at the same time, we stand up an
embassy that will interface with the new, sovereign Iraqi government.
One of the interesting things I've heard, Terry, from other leaders, are you
really going to pass full sovereignty? And the answer is, yes, we're going to
pass full sovereignty. And the Iraqi government will need the help of a lot of
people. And we're willing to be a participant in helping them get to the
And Terry asked whether there will be more violence. I think there will be. You
know, I hate to predict violence, but I just understand the nature of the
killers. This guy, Zarqawi, an al Qaeda associate -- who was in Baghdad, by the
way, prior to the removal of Saddam Hussein -- is still at large in Iraq. And as
you might remember, part of his operational plan was to sow violence and discord
amongst the various groups in Iraq by cold-blooded killing. And we need to help
find Zarqawi so that the people of Iraq can have a more bright -- bright future.
The other thing we've got to do is work on reconstruction, to help rebuild parts
of that country that suffered mightily under Saddam and are being, you know --
parts of which are being destroyed by these -- by these terrorists.
Q: Mr. President, if the decision-making is not fully in the hands of the
Iraqis, will that extend to them asking us to leave, pull out U.S. troops? And
will you accede to that if they ask?
THE PRESIDENT: Well, Mr. Allawi said today the troops need to be there. And so
Q: But all of them?
THE PRESIDENT: Well, whatever it takes to get the mission done. And we look
forward to working with the Iraq Prime Minister and the Iraq Defense Minister to
help secure the country. As you know, circumstances change on the ground and
I've told the American people and our commanders that we'll be flexible and
we'll meet those circumstances as they arise.
And what is important for the American people to know is that if a troop is in
harm's way, that troop -- the chain of command of that troop will be to a U.S.
military commander. In terms of the strategy as to how to help Iraq become
secure enough to have free elections, we'll work closely with the new Iraqi
government to achieve those objectives. There may be times when the Iraqis say,
we can handle this ourselves, get out of the way; we're plenty capable of moving
into secure a town or to secure a situation. And there may be times when they
say, you know, we've got our hands full, why don't you join us in an operation.
And we will collaborate closely with the new defense ministry.
It's a change of attitude in Iraq, in that they now have got the decision-making
capabilities. Mr. Allawi today, I repeat, stood up in front of the world and
said two things that caught my attention. One, he thanked America, and I
appreciated that a lot. And I think the American people needed to hear that,
that in the new leader there is this understanding and appreciation for the
sacrifices that our country has been through. And he also said, we look forward
to working with the coalition and forces to help secure the country.
Q: Given the perception --
THE PRESIDENT: I'm converting this into a full-blown press conference;
it's such a beautiful day. (Laughter.) Do I get credit for it?
THE PRESIDENT: Okay, good.
Q: Given the perception out there, especially in Iraq and among some at the U.N.
that Brahimi was strong armed, are you confident that this new interim
government has enough legitimacy within Iraq to hold together all the various
factions there that threaten to go at each other's throats?
THE PRESIDENT: I think that's a -- listen, yes, I am confident. But time will
tell whether or not the leaders turn out to be as capable and strong as Mr.
Brahimi thinks they will be.
One of the things I think, Richard, that will keep the country intact is the --
is this notion of free elections. I mean, it appears to me that one of the
things that does unite the Iraqi people is the deep desire to be able to elect
their government. And as we head toward free elections, I think it will make it
easier for the interim government to do their job.
Q: Mr. President --
THE PRESIDENT: Yes, Ed, I'm anxiously awaiting.
Q: I'd like ask you about your goals for this -- your trip coming up later this
week to Europe, vis-a-vis your plan on the Middle East peace initiative. What do
you hope in a concrete way to bring home?
THE PRESIDENT: I'm giving a speech at the Air Force Academy that will help
answer your question.
Q: I won't be there. (Laughter.)
THE PRESIDENT: Ed, they do have C-Span, you know. (Laughter.) I'll be glad to
rent it for you for an hour. (Laughter.)
I'm going to talk about the war on terror, the clash of ideology. Part of
winning the war on terror is to spread freedom and democracy in the Middle East.
The speech will help set up the types of conversations I will continue to have
overseas and at Sea Island, Georgia -- which is the need for us to understand
that democracy can take hold in the Middle East.
It's important for our partners to understand that I don't view it as American
democracy, nor do I think it's going to happen overnight. I will remind them
that the Articles of Confederation was a rather bumpy period for American
democracy. And so we're talking about reform in their image, but reform at the
insistence and help -- with the help of the free world.
And I think it's possible and I know it's necessary that we work toward
democracy in the Middle East. Because a society that is not free and not
democratic is a society that's likely to breed resentment and anger. And,
therefore, a society that is -- makes the recruitment of young terrorists more
And that's what -- and so the idea is to find common spirit and our willingness
to work in a variety of ways in the greater Middle East to achieve democratic
societies to work with reformers, to work on education processes that teach
people to read and write and add and subtract, not to hate. And always reminding
people that the war on terror is not a war against a particular religion, and
that the war on terror is not a war against a particular civilization. It's a
war against people who have got this perverted vision about what the world
should look like.
And at my Air Force Academy speech, which you won't be at, I'll remind people
that part of their objective is to drive the United States from a country --
countries in the Middle East, so that they can flow their hatred into a vacuum.
And it's very important that we not retreat. But not only stay the ground, but
also work toward democratic institutions and reform.
Q: Mr. President, are you confident this interim government wants U.S. troops to
stay, at least for the short-term?
THE PRESIDENT: I am confident, yes, sir. And I am confident because of the
remarks of Mr. Allawi, and I am told by people on the ground there that they
feel -- that they, the Iraqis, feel comfortable in asking for us to stay so that
we can help provide the security.
Listen, the Iraqis I have talked to are the first to say that the security
situation must be improved. And they recognize that there is a lot of work
between now and the election in order to improve the security situation,
starting with making sure the chain of command within the Iraqi army and the
civilian forces and the police forces is strong and linked. As well as to make
sure that these Iraqi forces are equipped and properly trained.
As I said in the statement last Monday, a week ago yesterday, that we saw that
there were some weaknesses on the ground in Iraq when the heat got on. Some
didn't stand up and do their duty, and we're addressing those weaknesses now.
And it's going to take time to fully address them.
But there is a deep desire by the Iraqis, don't get me wrong, to run their own
affairs, and to be in a position where they can handle their own security
measures. And I think they will be in that position.
But I know that they're not going to ask us to depart until they're comfortable
in that position. And Mr. Allawi, again, I referred to his statements today. I
thought they were good strong statements.
Q: Thank you, Mr. President. Mr. Chalabi is an Iraqi leader that's fallen out of
favor within your administration. I'm wondering if you feel that he provided any
false information, or are you particularly --
THE PRESIDENT: Chalabi?
Q: Yes, with Chalabi.
THE PRESIDENT: My meetings with him were very brief. I mean, I think I met with
him at the State of the Union and just kind of working through the rope line,
and he might have come with a group of leaders. But I haven't had any extensive
conversations with him.
Mr. Brahimi made the decision on Chalabi, not the United States. Mr. Brahimi was
the person that put together the group. And I haven't spoken to him or anybody
on the ground as to why Chalabi wasn't taken.
In terms of information --
Q: I guess I'm asking, do you feel like he misled your administration, in terms
of what the expectations were going to be going into Iraq?
THE PRESIDENT: I don't remember anybody walking into my office saying, Chalabi
says this is the way it's going to be in Iraq.
Let me step back there and remind you that going into Iraq, we had some -- we
had a belief that certain things -- that we had to plan for certain courses of
action. One, that the oil production, the Iraqi oil production would be
disrupted through sabotage or Saddam's own whims. And it didn't happen. We also
thought there would be major refugee flows -- that didn't happen -- or a lot of
hunger, and it didn't happen.
What did happen was, as a result of us storming through the country, many of
Saddam's elite guard kind of saw what was happening -- laid down -- well, didn't
lay down their arms -- stored their arms and hid, and then regrouped. As well as
what happened was is that some of the foreign fighters there were encouraged and
bolstered by a foreign fighter that had been there during the period, Mr.
Zarqawi. And it's been tough, tough fighting. I fully recognize that.
However, I just want to remind you that the mission of the enemy is to get us to
retreat from Iraq. Is to say, well, it's been tough enough, now it's time to go
home -- which we are not going to do. We will stand with this Iraqi government.
Today, the reason I'm out here is because this is a major step toward the
emergence of a free Iraq. This is a very hopeful day for the Iraqi people, and a
hopeful day for the American people, because the American people want to see a
free Iraq as well. They understand what I know. A free Iraq in the heart of the
Middle East is going to be a game-changer, an agent of change. It's going to
send a clear signal that the terrorists can't win and that -- and that a free
society is a better way to lift the hopes and aspirations of the average person.
Q: So far, sir, Congress hasn't responded to your call to do anything about
rising oil prices. I mean, you've already said you want them to pass your energy
bill, and they aren't. So what are you --
THE PRESIDENT: Yes, so go ask Congress why they haven't passed the energy bill.
And I'll repeat it again: Congress, pass the energy bill.
Q: But what more can you do as prices rise?
THE PRESIDENT: I can continue calling upon Congress to pass the energy bill and
to make sure the American consumers are being treated fairly. But what you're
seeing at the gas pumps is something I've been warning for two years, and that
is that we're hooked on foreign sources of energy. And that if we don't become
less dependent on foreign sources of energy, we will find higher prices at our
gas pumps. It's precisely what happened.
Had we drilled in ANWR back in the mid-'90s, we'd be producing an additional
million barrels a day, which would be taking enormous pressure off the American
Q: Mr. President, you were saying the United States wants to stand with Iraqi
people. Would you like to go to Iraq before the end of the year and stand with
the interim government and --
THE PRESIDENT: I would like to, but I'm not so sure that would be wise, yet.
Q: It's not secure?
THE PRESIDENT: Well, I don't know. You're asking me to project six months down
the road -- five months down the road. And that's the classic hypothetical.
Will Iraq be secure enough for me to go to Iraq? I would hope it would be. And
if it is, then whether or not I can go is another question.
Q: Would you like to go, though?
THE PRESIDENT: I'd love to go back to Iraq at some point in time, I really
would. I'd like to be able to stand up and say, let me tell you something about
America. America is a land that's willing to sacrifice on your behalf. We sent
our sons and daughters here so you can be free. And not only that, we are a
compassionate country. We want to help you rebuild your schools and your
hospitals. I'd like to do that, I really would.
I'd like to also go to Afghanistan. And, by the way, the reports from
Afghanistan, at least the ones I get, are very encouraging. You know, we've got
people who have been there last year and have been back this year report a
different attitude. And they report people have got a sparkle in their eye. And
women now all of a sudden no longer fear the future but believe that we're there
to stay the course and we will help a free society emerge.
Both of which, a free society and a free Afghanistan, are very important to a
future, a future world that is peaceful. Because freedom is the bulwark of the
value system inculcated in those countries.
Yes. Yes, you, Dallas Morning News. Hillman.
Q: How close are you to an agreement with the United Nations for a new
resolution on Iraq?
THE PRESIDENT: Well, I think our negotiator, the Secretary of State, feels we're
making good progress.
Q: A week? Two weeks?
THE PRESIDENT: I don't know, Hillman. That's like saying, can I go to Iraq in
five months. Please. I thought I set the tone for hypotheticals. I don't know
what it is.
But as soon as possible -- I'd like to get it done tomorrow, if possible. And so
we're working with all the parties. But you know how the United Nations is.
Sometimes it can move slowly and sometimes it can move quickly, and the quicker
the better as far as I'm concerned, because it sends a message to the new Iraqi
government, the world stands with you.
Yes, sir. Only one question per major paper. Nice try. (Laughter.)
Q: You're about to have a series of meetings with foreign leaders in which Iraq
certainly will loom very large. You ruled out, a moment ago, when you said you
don't expect a major commitment of troops to come out of those meetings.
THE PRESIDENT: Right.
Q: What, realistically, do you expect to come out of these meetings regarding --
THE PRESIDENT: A commitment to work together, a commitment that we all
understand the importance of succeeding in Iraq. An understanding that terrorism
will flourish and be emboldened if we're not successful in promoting a free
government in Iraq. And a -- and I think, from my conversations, people
understand that. But it will give us a chance to sit in the same room and talk
about that. And that's an important commitment.
In other words, once you get that in your mind that a free Iraq is important for
world security, then it makes it easier for us to work together on certain
matters. And, look, we're still getting beyond the period where we had
disagreements about Iraq and now there's common ground, that a free Iraq is
essential to our respective securities. And, more important, is a very important
signal to people in the Middle East that it's possible to live in a free
society. And that's an important message, as well.
It's important for the Iranian -- those who love freedom in Iran to see. I mean,
listen, a free Iraq on the border of Iran is going to send a very clear signal
to those who want to be free, that a free society is very possible. It's a
hopeful period. And I'm so appreciative of the United Nations and Mr. Brahimi's
work. It's hard work to do what he did. He did a lot of good work and came up
with what looks like a very strong government.
Deans, fine looking suit -- the white is back, so are the bucks.
Q: Thank you, sir. Mr. President, there have been several questions about this
tightly sequenced statesmanship you have coming up in the next several weeks.
I'm wondering if you can say -- or do you expect -- how soon do you think
representatives of this interim government will actually go to the U.N. Security
Council and plead their case for a resolution?
THE PRESIDENT: Right.
Q: And, two, do you expect to use the G8, do you have the -- will the resolution
be on the agenda there at the G8? And where do you think we'll be by the time we
get to Istanbul?
THE PRESIDENT: I would hope that the new government sends somebody to New York
soon. As a matter of fact, I don't think you're going to see much on the
resolution, to answer your question, Bob, until the Iraqis come and make their
case about why a resolution is needed. And I would like to see that person come
as quickly as possible.
We are going to have leaders from the greater Middle East in Sea Island. And as
to whether or not a member of the new government shows up in Sea Island from
Iraq, I just don't know. But we will talk about Iraq. We'll talk about Iraq in
the context of the spread of democracy. And the countries that will be there
will be sharing their experiences with democratic institutions in the Muslim
world. And that will also serve as a reminder to the people of Iraq that they
In terms of NATO, obviously we'll be discussing Iraq at NATO. Again, I don't
expect any additional troop commitments out of NATO. I do expect there to be
continuing NATO interest in Iraq. As you know, NATO has provided a headquarters,
or support for the Polish multinational division
-- Polish-led multinational division. But we'll also make sure that we continue
to focus NATO on Afghanistan. A peaceful and free Afghanistan is essential to
the -- to our mission, to our objectives of encouraging the spread of democracy.
President Karzai, who I believe is coming soon -- and will be at Sea Island by
the way -- another good example of someone who has assumed responsibility in a
country that had been savaged by barbaric leadership, is doing a fine job. And
he will be able to help people understand how to ask for help, as well as what
help is available. I am very impressed by him and impressed by his leadership.
Q: Mr. President --
Q: Mr. President, could you speak about Sudan, the peace agreement in Sudan and
how that nation has turned away from terrorism?
THE PRESIDENT: Yes, I appreciate that. The question is on Sudan. Recently, there
was a signature on a document that took us a step closer toward achieving our
objective. However, it is very important for the Sudanese government to
understand we're watching very carefully, the hunger, the brutal human
conditions in the western part of their country, and that we expect there to be
an accommodation to the relief agencies as well as the American government to
get aid to those people. We're closer to an agreement in Sudan, it's a very
important agreement. And we will continue to work the issue really hard.
Q: Mr. President, can I ask about one of the things that the new Prime Minister
in Iraq has said about your administration? He has said that many of the postwar
problems in Iraq have been from lack of proper planning, and that America bears
direct responsibility for that. How do you answer that?
THE PRESIDENT: I would answer him that we had a plan in place, we succeeded in
making sure that the oil flow continues so that he as Prime Minister has now got
roughly 2.5 million barrels a day of Iraqi oil for the benefit of the Iraqi
people, that there wasn't major disruptions of food, so that people didn't
starve. In other words, we were very successful in certain things.
But there is no question that the security situation on the ground is hard and
tough. And my comment to him is, we will be flexible and wise and work with him
to continue to secure Iraq; that our mission is his mission, which is to get to
elections so the country can be a free country.
Again, I think it's instructive that Mr. Brahimi picked leaders who are willing
to speak their mind, which is fine with me. I fully understand a leader willing
to speak their mind. I kind of like doing it myself, you know. And all the new
Prime Minister needs to know is that I look forward to a close relationship with
him, to do what's best for the Iraqi people. That's our interest. Our interest
is a free Iraq. It's in their interest and it's in the world's interest. And
it's something -- these are historic times. And I am pleased with the progress,
the political progress being made today, and vow to the people of Iraq that we
will finish the mission. We will do our job. And we expect them to do their job
and will work with them to do so.
Thank you all very much.