Presidential Members Report: Implications for Minority Voters in 2001 January, 2001 << Back to Introduction

State-by-State Analysis: Georgia

The 1990 undercount and its demographic composition

As indicated in Table 1, the percentage undercount of 2.2 percent in Georgia was higher than the national average of 1.6 percent and resulted in a net numerical undercount of 142,425 persons, fifth highest in the nation. For non-Hispanic whites, Table 1 indicates, the undercount percentage was 1.4 percent as compared to 4.1 percent for members of minority groups. As indicated in Table 2 and the summary Chart below, these differentials between whites and minorities resulted in an undercounted population with a much greater minority group percentage than the state's total population. Minorities comprised 30 percent of the state's uncorrected population, compared to 56 percent of the state's undercounted population. In numerical terms, the undercount consisted of 63,044 non-Hispanic whites and 79,381 members of minority groups. In Georgia, moreover, unlike any of the states examined thus far, the minority population consists overwhelmingly of members of a single minority group, in this case non-Hispanic blacks. In Georgia, 90 percent of minority group members are African-Americans, 6 percent are Hispanic, and 5 percent are members of other minority groups.

Implications of 1990 Census adjustment for minority voter opportunities

The use of corrected data in Georgia for post-1990 redistricting would have had the potential to enhance minority voter opportunities in the plan for the State House. In Georgia, the undercount is especially concentrated in counties in the Atlanta region, including among others DeKalb County. State House District 65 in DeKalb County has a minority population of 36.3 percent, primarily black. There is a sufficient undercount in DeKalb County to have created the potential to augment substantially the minority population of this District, given that the ideal size of a State House District is only 36,781, for corrected population data. In DeKalb County, correction uncovers some 15,000 additional persons, including some 12,000-minority group members (81 percent), primarily black. This additional minority population alone equals about one-third of an ideal House district. Overall, the additional population identified in DeKalb County is more than would have been necessary to meet one-person, one-vote requirements, given that the use of corrected data would increase the population of an ideal House district by only about 800 persons (from some 36,000 to 36,800).




Summary of Findings






North Carolina



New York


End Notes

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