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Washington -- Efforts to reinvent government won't work unless the concept becomes an integral, sustainable part of the government process, says President Clinton.
Clinton spoke to high-level representatives of some 40 nations January 15 on the second of a two-day forum on reinventing government. The forum was the first ever to deal with the issue of government change on a global basis.
The President emphasized the importance of sustaining the reinvention process.
"This will not work if it is a one-shot effort," the President cautioned. "I think you should measure your success in part by whether you have put in a system so integral to the operation of government, a process, and whether you have embedded in the public's mind the importance of this to the extent that all your successors in whatever offices you hold, will have to follow suit."
The basic theory of his administration, Clinton explained, "has been that we ought to have a government for the Information Age, that is smaller, that lives within its means but that actually is capable of doing more of what needs to be done.
"We believe what needs to be done is that we should focus mostly on giving people the tools they need to solve their own problems," the President said. "We should help people who through no fault of their own, can't get along through life without help. But most of what we should be doing is creating the conditions and giving people the tools to make their lives as dynamic as the world in which we live."
The President also emphasized the importance of "giving people good value for their tax investment" and finding efficient relationships between government and the private sector and national governments and local governments.
Part of the reason the Clinton administration chose to hold this ground-breaking global conference was "to borrow good ideas wherever we could find them," the President said.
"We very much want to know what is going on in every other country in the world, just as we want to be helpful to every other country in the world, if we can."
"I think we have a very strong vested interest in each other's success," Clinton added.
Following is the White House text:
THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary
January 15, 1999
REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT TO GLOBAL FORUM ON REINVENTING GOVERNMENT
Dean Acheson Auditorium State Department
THE PRESIDENT: Thank you very much. Thank you. Mr. Vice President, Madam. Secretary, Mr. Nye, Prime Minister Shipley, Vice President Bell, to the leaders of other nations and international organizations; Mr. Smith, to the Ford Foundation and all the others from the private sector in America; and I want to say a special word of thanks to the employees of our government who are here, without which none of this could he done.
I was glad to hear the joke that the representatives from Thailand told yesterday. I have cut a lot of red tape sideways in my life. I was glad to hear you laugh at the Vice President's remark about using plain language in government regulations. I think that must be a common problem throughout the world. But mostly, I'm glad to see you in such a good frame of mind about this.
You know, one of the problems with having a continuous reinventing government effort is that it almost never gets any headlines in the newspaper and most people who cover it think it is about as exciting as watching paint dry. So I think that means that if you're going to do this you need sort of an extra dose of determination and good humor, because I believe it is truly one of the most important things that those of us in public life today can do.
I've been interested in this for a long time. When I was the governor of my state we had what I believe was the first state government-wide ongoing effort in the country. When I became President I knew we had to change old policies and old ways of doing things. Besides we were flat broke and running a huge deficit. And even worse, the American people had a very low level of confidence in the government. I used to say that everyone in America thinks that our government would foul up a two-car-parade. We wanted to change all that. We knew it was important for our economy. We knew it was important for our political success. We knew it was important for the integrity of our democracy.
Fortunately for me, Vice President Gore agreed. And he approached this task as he does everything he really cares about with an astonishing amount of energy, determination and intelligence. As I'm sure you have seen, he has absorbed about everything there is to absorb about this subject. And if you hang around long enough, he will give you a chance to know everything he knows about it.
We have a theory about this -- most people think it's so boring we have to have a joke every three minutes when discussing it. But it is very serious. When the history of our time here is written, the leadership of the Vice President in doing this will be one of the signal achievements of this administration and I am very, very grateful to him for a superb job.
We also are heavily into reinventing speeches -- here you see I crossed out the first paragraph and I go from page one to page three. So you'll be out of paint before you know it.
Let me also say to you we have a selfish reason in hosting this conference. We've not tried to reinvent the wheel, we have tried to borrow good ideas wherever we could find them. We very much want to know what is going on in every other country in the world, just as we want to be helpful to every other country in the world if we can.
I'd like to make just one or two points if I might. First is one you know, but I think it bears repeating: This will not work if it is a one-shot effort, if it is something that happens for a month or six months or even for a year. In fact, I think you should measure your success in part by whether you have put in a system so integral to the operation of government -- a process -- and whether you have imbedded in the public's mind the importance of this to the extent that all your successors in whatever offices you hold will have to follow suit. That, I think, is the ultimate measure of whether we are successful.
Because no matter how long you serve, no matter how hard you work, you will either leave things on the table that are undone, or new opportunities will emerge with the revolutions and technology in human organization that are constantly unfolding.
Our basic theory has been that we ought to have a government for the Information Age that is smaller, that lives within its means, but that actually is capable of doing more of what needs to be done. We believe what needs to be done is that we should focus mostly on giving people the tools they need to solve their own problems. We should help people who, through no fault of their own, can't get along through life without help. But most of what we should be doing is creating the conditions and giving people the tools to make their lives as dynamic as the world in which we live.
I also want to emphasize again how important it is to be able to stand up and say that we are giving people good value for their tax investment, because I found that our people tend to judge the reinventing government sometimes not by what we think they would. It sounds very impressive to say we have the smallest federal government since John Kennedy was President because we are a much bigger government. But people want to know, well, how does that affect me. It you say we've saved $139 billion that helped us balance the budget, bring interest-rates down, and lower their mortgage rates, that's something people can understand.
If you say we reformed welfare, that sounds good. But if you say we have the smallest welfare rolls in 29 years and we have gotten a lot of people into the work force, but helped them with child care and education and transportation, so we're not just putting out numbers and behind it there are human people suffering because they were cut out of the safety net, that means something.
If you can say to a small business person, it used to take weeks or months for us to process your request for a loan and now it takes a matter of days, and the form was once an inch thick and now it's a page long, that means something to people because it affects their lives.
And so I would say to all of you -- I made a lot of jokes about it, but I do think we have to find ways to talk about this that make it interesting to our people and that bring it home to them, because that is the best guarantee of our continuing to work.
One other point I'd like to make is for national governments -- most national governments have regulatory and other relationships with the private sector and also have financial relationships with local government. I believe a very important and increasingly important aspect of this whole reinventing government issue will be how do national governments relate to their private sector. We're trying harder and harder to do less regulation and instead to create incentives and frameworks to solve problems that meet national goals. How do national governments relate to local governments? This is very controversial in our country from time to time. My theory is, just because we gave out money last year in the way we've bean giving it out for 20 years -- in education, law enforcement or any other issue -- doesn't mean we should continue to give the money out that way if it doesn't work anymore.
We had this huge argument back in 1994 when we tried to pass a crime bill because, interestingly enough, our conservatives argued that it was wrong for the federal government to give money to local governments only if they would agree to hire police officers and put them on the street and have them work in a certain way. But we had learned from local governments that actually work that that was all that works to bring the crime rate down. So we jammed through this bill and the people who were against it screamed and hollered that I was presuming to tell police chiefs what to do. Nothing could have been further from the truth -- the police chief told me what to do. And what we told the people -- between the President and the Congress and the police chiefs -- was, you can't have this money unless you do what they say works.
And we now have the lowest crime rate in 25 years, the lowest murder rate in 30 years, partly because of the improvement in the economy, but partly because law enforcement works better. We have gone 30 years in which we had tripled tho crime rate -- violent crime rate -- and increased our police forces only 10 percent.
So I think that there is a way in which we should look not only to the internal operations of our own government, how our systems work and how they serve the people, but how the relationship between government and the private sectors and national governments and local governments can work more effectively.
Finally, let me say that I think that we have -- and I'm sure all of you already know this -- but I think we have a very strong vested interest in each other's success. If we learned anything from 1998 and the financial turmoil we experienced all over the world, it is that in the world we live in competition is good, but failure of our competitors is bad. Competition is good, but the failure of our competitors is bad. We want competition to work within a framework in which we all do better, in which we urge each other on, economically, socially, politically, every way to higher levels of humane development so that the United States, for example, clearly has an interest when the government of Russia tries to put in place a system that will fairly assess and collect taxes.
Quite apart from the obvious interest we have, and all of you do, in having a system that will help us to continue to reduce the nuclear threat, the United States has an interest in the success of governments in Asia developing regulatory systems that will minimize the spread of financial contagion. We have an interest in nations in Africa and in Latin America and elsewhere who are trying to develop with limited resources the very best possible education and health systems. We have an interest in learning from nations all over the world that have done a better job than we have in managing their natural resources and developing sound environmental policy while growing their economy.
We have an interest in seeing how the European nations are trying to adapt their social welfare systems that were created after World War II to the demands of the Information Age so that they can lower unemployment, increase job growth and still maintain the integrity of a genuine social safety net -- a big issue for developed countries. We have lower unemployment and greater inequality; they have more equality and higher unemployment. How can we bridge the gap? And we're interested in the experiments in Great Britain and the experiments in the Netherlands and in other countries. We have an interest and if those countries succeed, we are not threatened -- our lives are enhanced. And I think we should all have that attitude.
Finally, let me say that this is about more than economics. It's even about more than having our customers happy, although I must say one of the biggest kicks I've gotten as President is when a major national business magazine said that the Social Security Agency was the best large organization in America, public or private, at providing telephone service to its customers. I like that.
This is about, in my judgment, the preservation of the vitality of democracy. In some countries that are new democracies, it may be about the preservation of democracy itself. But in the end, every one of us serves because people believe in the possibility of self-government through representatives. To the extent that people do not believe that representatives will handle their money for public purposes the way they themselves would, democracy itself is diminishad. Human potential is diminished. The capacity for worldwIde cooperation is diminished.
So I say again, you may not get the headlines back home for this. You may have to tell your own jokes because you won't be able to make anybody else laugh. But never underestimate the profound and endurlnq importance of what it is you have come here to discuss. We are honored to have you here, and we thank you for your contribution and your dedication.
Thank you very much.
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