Al-Najaf is the capitol of the
city and the province as well. The word "Najaf" is a combination of two Arabic
words. "Nay" is the name of a large river that used to exist, and "Jaf" means
English. Najaf means "dry river." Najaf is 161 km south of
Shrine of "Imam Ali" is located in Najaf. Imam Ali is the fourth caliph
(Ruler) of Muslims after the prophet
Muhammad. The Shrine is named for Imam Ali, who was the cousin of
the Prophet Muhammad. It is a very important shrine for the Shi'aa.
All people in this province are Shi'aa.
UN Data 2003
Towns in Al-Najaf Province