For Immediate Release:
January 27, 1999
BY GIL CASELLAS ON LUCA AND POST CENSUS LOCAL REVIEW IN RESPONSE TO REMARKS
MADE BEFORE THE U.S. CONFERENCE OF MAYORS
D.C. Gil Casellas, Presidential Member of the U.S. Census Monitoring Board
and former Chair of the Equal Opportunity and Employment Commission, responded
today to comments made before a panel on preparations for the 2000 Census
at the U.S. Conference of Mayors' annual meeting.
2000 Census is just around the comer and it is vital for leaders like yourselves
to look at ways that your cities can participate in Census preparations so
that we don't make the same mistakes we made the last time around. In 1990,
8.4 million people were missed, mostly poor and minorities; 4.4 million people
were counted twice; and 13 million were counted in the wrong place."
many of you heard about about two programs that would involve the participation
of cities like the ones your represent to arrive at a more accurate count
Post Census Local Review andLocal Update of Census Addresses (LUCA). One hasn't
worked in the past and won't work for the 2000 Census. The other option, which
is already in place, is expected to work much better."
Census Local Review is an example of an idea whose time has passed. In 1990,
it allowed local governments to look at population counts after they were
collected. In theory it sounded great. If local governments believed there
were errors in the numbers the Census Bureau produced, they could contest
the numbers. Local governments could go directly to the Bureau or it to resolve
while local participation and input sounded great, it didn't work out that
well for 1990 and it does not promise any better results for 2000. In 1990,
Post Census Local Review was not cost effective and it did not add a significant
number to the count. In fact, out of total of 168,255 census blocks that were
canvassed, only 124,900 people were added to the count less than 1/10 of 1%
of the total. Furthermore, only 25% of local governments participated in PCLR
were repeated in 2000, Post Census Local Review would have the same problems:
high costs, no guarantees for a good return and it would add time about 6
weeks to the Census Bureau's already tight schedule in delivering redistricting
numbers to states. And that affects you and the federal money coming to your
time around the Bureau has proposed working with local governments in a new
way at the front end of the process instead of the back end. The Local Update
of Census Addresses (LUCA) programs has far more potential to improve the
census and build solid partnerships with local governments."
45% of local governments have signed up to participate. That is almost twice
as much participation than Post Census Local Review had in 1990. In cities
such as Detroit, LUCA has already added some 17,000 addresses to the Master
Address File of the Census Bureau."
relies on local governments for more specific information than Post Census
Local Review ever did. In 1990, the Post Census Local Review program only
allowed local governments to compare census NUMBERS with their own population
numbers. LUCA allows cities like yours to take your address lists, not just
a count, and compare them with those of the Census Bureau. This is a marked
improvement from 1990."
at the beginning, and having localities share with the Census Bureau where
addresses may be missed or incorrectly noted, the Bureau's Master Address
File will be more accurate and problems can be solved before we arrive at
numbers that will be distributed publicly."
Monday's Supreme Court decision, the Bureau will be looking for more ways
for local governments to participate. This is your chance to get involved,
but Post Census Local Review is not the answer."
AND FICTION ABOUT LOCAL REVIEW Fiction: Post Census Local Review was discontinued
for 2000 because it conflicts with the Administration's plan to adjust the
final numbers using population polling.
The Census Bureau abandoned the procedure for 2000 because the results of
the 1990 Census showed using the procedure is not cost/effective. The procedure
added over $9.6 million to the cost of the 1990 Census. But resulted in only
124,900 people being added. The Bureau's quality control checks found that
about 12 percent of these people were added erroneously.
Post Census Local Review added nearly 500,000 people to the 1990 Census.
Only 124,900 people were added as a result of this procedure. Almost 46 percent
of the people added lived in two cities Detroit and Cleveland. This time around
cities such as Detroit are participating in the Local Update of Census Addresses
The procedure has merit because over 39,000 local governments were offered
the chance to check the census numbers in 1990 before they were final.
Only 9,847 (25 percent) of the 39,000 governments participated. Of these only
6,600 challenged census housing counts. Fiction: The Census Bureau's decision
to not include a post-census review will hurt public confidence.
That could not be further from the truth! In 1994 the Congress took action
to assure that the public's confidence would be protected in the 2000 Census.
In that year the bipartisan Census Address List Improvement Act of 1994 (PL
103430) was enacted. The act recognizes that a complete and accurate address
list and related maps are the foundation for a complete and accurate census.
The Act directs the Census Bureau to form partnerships with local and tribal
governments willing to assist in improving the address list for Census 2000.
This Address List Review opportunity, also referred to as the Local Update
of Census Addresses or LUCA program is the first time the law has allowed
local and tribal governments to help develop the list of individual residential
addresses for a decennial census. This review occurs at the point in the Census
2000 preparatory operations when local government suggestions are most valuable
for taking the census.
Contact: Estela B. Mendoza,