The Columbia Accident Investigation Board is drawing together some of the nation's most experienced investigators and safety experts from the aviation, naval nuclear propulsion, medical, scientific and academic communities to determine the cause of the February 1, 2003 space shuttle accident.
The following is a list of some of the Independent Analysis and Support Team members, investigators and other support staff who are currently assisting the CAIB:
Col. Jack Anthony - Currently the Deputy Director of Personnel for the Air Force Space Command, Col. Anthony has served in various positions in space systems engineering, military satellite operations, and education technical leadership. His assignments have included Commander of the 1st Space Operations Squadron at Schreiver Air Force Base, satellite program manager at the National Reconnaissance Office and the Air Force Research Laboratory, assistant professor of astronautics at the Air Force Academy, and flight test engineering. He holds MS and BS degrees in Astronautical Engineering from the Air Force Academy.
Dr. James P. Bagian - Dr. Bagian was chosen as the first director of the Veterans Administration National Center for Patient Safety in 1998. NCPS developed and implemented a "systems approach" to health care solutions that applies human factors engineering methods and draws on the ideas of high-reliability organizations to target and eliminate system vulnerabilities. A former NASA astronaut for 15 years, from 1980 to 1995, Dr. Bagian was a crew member on the Discovery space shuttle mission in 1989 and on the Columbia in 1991, logging more than 337 hours in space. Following the 1986 Challenger space shuttle explosion, he supervised the capsule's recovery from the ocean floor and served on the team that investigated the tragedy. He led efforts to develop a pressure suit used for shuttle crew escape, a shuttle escape hatch and other related survival equipment. Dr. Bagian is currently an Adjunct Assistant Professor of Military and Emergency Medicine at the Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine, and a Clinical Assistant Professor of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, University of Texas Medical Branch. A colonel in the U.S. Air Force Reserve, he is an Air Force-qualified freefall parachutist, holds a private pilot's license, and has logged more than 1,500 hours of flying time in propeller and jet aircraft, helicopters and gliders. Dr. Bagian was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2000 for "integration of engineering and medical knowledge in applications to aerospace systems, environmental technology and patient safety." He is a current board member of the National Research Council Space Studies Board and is chairman of the National Research Council committee on Space Biology & Medicine. He received the American Medical Association's Dr. Nathan S. Davis award for outstanding public service in the advancement of public health (2001); the Associations of the American Medical Colleges' first annual Innovations Award (2001); and the Frank Brown Berry Prize given for the outstanding contribution to medicine emanating from the federal sector (2002). He is also a former board member of the aerospace Human Factors Society. He was first in class at U.S. Air Force Flight Surgeons School, Jefferson Medical College, and received his BS in Mechanical Engineering from Drexel University. He is a licensed Professional Engineer.
Lt. Col. Richard J. Burgess - As Chief of the Aviation Safety Branch for the U.S. Air Force Safety Center at Kirtland Air Force Base in New Mexico, Col. Burgess is responsible for coordinating all Air Force aircraft mishap investigations. A command pilot with more than 2,900 hours in the T-37, T-38, T-41, A-10 and F-16, he has also served as wing Chief of Safety and commander of the 39th Support Squadron at Incirlik Air Base, Turkey; on the Headquarters U.S. Air Forces in Europe staff at Ramstein Air Base, Germany, and as wing Chief of Safety at Aviano Air Base, Italy. Also a qualified Air Traffic Controller, he holds a BS in Civil Engineering from the Air Force Academy.
Thomas L. Carter - Mr. Carter is a consultant for National Security Affairs. He advises senior corporate personnel of several companies on national security issues pending before the executive and legislative branches. He has extensive knowledge of national security issues and defense programs as well as a thorough understanding of the federal budgeting and legislative processes, as a result of more than 22 years of responsibility at the White House, the U.S. Senate and the Department of Defense. He has served a variety of posts including the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense in the Office of Legislative Affairs, the Assistant to the Senate Republican Leader (Senator Robert Dole), and the Air Force Aide to the President. Mr. Carter also serves the nation as a Brigadier General in the United States Air Force Reserve.
Dr. Dwayne A. Day - Dr. Day is a space policy analyst and historian. Mr. Day worked at The George Washington University's Space Policy Institute and served on the staff of the Congressional Budget Office. He has written extensively on aviation and space issues and the management of national security bureaucracies. He is the author of Lightning Rod, a history of science advice to the Air Force, and has co-edited several books, including a history of early American reconnaissance satellites. He has also written on aviation history and technology for the Centennial of Flight Commission. He has been a Guggenheim and a Verville Fellow at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum, and a NASA Space Grant Fellow. Mr. Day has a Ph.D. in Political Science from The George Washington University.
Major Tracy Dillinger - Dr. Dillinger is a licensed clinical psychologist, aviation psychologist and Chief of Air Force Aviation Psychology at Headquarters Air Force Safety Center. She oversees psychological and human factor investigations into Air Force mishaps, as well as training and education of Air Force pilots, psychologists, commanders, and flight safety officers. As Team Chief of Air Force Organizational Safety Assessments, she conducts numerous organizational reviews of Air Force wings worldwide, providing findings, safety analysis and recommendations for commanders. She was Staff Psychologist and 27th Fighter Wing Aviation Psychologist at Cannon Air Force Base and the Chief of Mental Health and 31st Wing Aviation Psychologist at Aviano Air Base Italy. Dr. Dillinger received her Psy.D. from the Chicago School of Professional Psychology and a Masters of Arts in counseling and a Bachelor of Arts in psychology from the University of Iowa. Currently, she is attending the University of Illinois Aviation Research Lab on a fellowship in Aviation Psychology. She returns to the Air Force Safety Center in July.
Thomas L. Foster - After a distinguished career with the U.S. Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program (Naval Reactors) from 1963 to 1994, and as Director of Resource Management from 1972 to 1994, Mr. Foster became President of TAF, Inc. While there, he has worked on special projects for the Navy, the Department of Energy and construction contractors. Those projects have included Hanford Lab costs, the Women in Submarines study, the new attack submarine, privatization, a new aircraft carrier cost and military effectiveness analysis and acquisition strategy. Mr. Foster has an MBA from George Washington University.
CDR Mike Francis - As head of the Naval Safety Center Aircraft Mishap Investigations Division, CDR Francis has overseen 15 major aircraft mishap investigations and manages an experienced staff of investigators. He is a designated Naval Aviator and helicopter pilot with 1,800 hours in CH-46 helicopters and 950 hours in UH-1N helicopters. He holds a BA in Pre-Engineering Physics from Miami University.
Howard E. Goldstein - Mr. Goldstein retired as the Chief Scientist of the Space Technology Division at NASA Ames Research Center in July 2000. During a 30-year career at Ames, he initiated the research program for development of materials that are now major components of the Thermal Protection System of the Space Shuttle Orbiter and contributed to other knowledge advancements in the field of thermal protection materials and systems and ablation theory. He was a senior scientist at the Research Institute of Advanced Computer Science/University Space Research Association in 2001 and 2002 and is now a consultant. He received his BS and MS in Chemical Engineering from the University of Arizona.
Lt. Col Patrick A. Goodman - Currently the Chief of Safety for the 21st Space Wing at Peterson Air Force Base in Colorado, Col. Goodman also served for one year as the director of Combat Search and Rescue for Operation SOUTHERN WATCH. He has more than 3,200 hours of flying time in five different types of helicopters and 10 years of major aircraft mishap investigation experience. He is a 1986 graduate of the Air Force Academy and was a Distinguished Graduate of Undergraduate Helicopter Training.
Ronald K. Gress - Mr. Gress is a consultant on safety of launch and entry operations. Mr. Gress retired from the Federal Aviation Administration as the Associate Administrator for the Office of Commercial Space Transportation. Mr. Gress developed minimum regulatory safety requirements for launch and entry operations and worked with industry, the Department of Defense, and NASA on matters affecting space transportation operations, flight safety and policy. Mr. Gress has an MBA from California State University and a BS in Physics from the University of California, Berkeley.
Thomas Haueter - During 18 years at the National Transportation Safety Board, Mr. Haueter has served as an airworthiness investigator, an Investigator-in-Charge of domestic aviation accidents and as the U.S. Accredited Representative for foreign aviation accidents. Currently Deputy Director of the Office of Aviation Safety, he has investigated many major airline accidents, including USAir Flight 427, Eastwind Flight 527, and the accidents that claimed the lives of Sen. John Tower and Senator John Heinz. He was also the lead NTSB investigator assisting the U.S. Air Force in the investigation of the CT-43A that crashed near Dubrovnik, Croatia, killing then-Commerce Secretary Ron Brown and 34 others. He holds a commercial pilot's certificate and regularly flies a 1943 Stearman biplane he restored. He has an MBA in Operations Research and International Business from George Mason University and a BS in Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering from Purdue University.
Dr. Daniel Heimerdinger - Dr. Heimerdinger is the Executive Vice President of Valador Inc., a service-disabled, veteran-owned small business. Dr. Heimerdinger has been involved with the Space Program since 1978, when he started doing basic research in advanced electric propulsion systems for deep space missions. He has since focused on manned spaceflight operations and safety, space debris detection and avoidance, upper atmosphere and entry physics, space operations, space communications, satellite constellation design, and orbital mechanics. Dr. Heimerdinger currently serves on the NASA Advisory Council Task Force on the International Space Station Operational Readiness and Safety, also known as the Stafford/Anfimov Task Force. He has served on two other NASA Advisory Council task forces: the Space Shuttle/Mir Operational Readiness and Safety, and the STS-46 Mission Readiness Review. Dr. Heimerdinger received his Ph.D. from MIT in Aeronautics and Astronautics, an SM in Aeronautics and Astronautics from MIT, and a BSE in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (Summa Cum Laude) from Princeton University. Dr. Heimerdinger is an Associate Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
Dennis R. Jenkins - Mr. Jenkins is a consulting engineer in Cape Canaveral, Florida. During more than 20 years of service with various aerospace contractors, including Martin Marietta, Lockheed, Lockheed Martin, and United Space Alliance, Mr. Jenkins worked on the Space Shuttle, X-33, and several classified projects. He has also written over 30 works on aerospace history, including the critically acclaimed Space Shuttle: The History of the National Space Transportation SystemThe First 100 Flights and Hypersonic: The Story of the North American X-15. He is currently working on the official history of the X-15 program for the NASA History office.
Christopher Kirchhoff - Editor, Investigation Report. Mr. Kirchhoff is on leave from the Faculty of Social & Political Sciences, Cambridge University, where he is a doctoral candidate with research interests in science-technology-studies and the sociology of technology. He has served as an aide and speechwriter to several public officials, including the Presidential Science Advisor, and has worked in the White House Office of Science & Technology Policy. Mr. Kirchhoff holds an A.B. in History & Science from Harvard College (Magna Cum Laude), where his senior thesis won Harvard's highest award for undergraduate research, and a Masters in Philosophy in Politics from Cambridge University, where he is a Gates Cambridge Scholar.
Dr. Gregory T. A. Kovacs - Dr. Kovacs is an Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering at Stanford University with a joint courtesy appointment in the Department of Medicine. His present research areas include biomedical instruments and sensors, miniaturized spaceflight hardware, and biotechnology. In addition, Dr. Kovacs is the Director of Medical Device Technologies for the Stanford-NASA National Biocomputation Center and a collaborator at NASA Ames Research Center. He helps direct a variety of projects spanning wearable crew physiologic monitors, biosensor instruments for space biology, and free-flyer experiments. He is published extensively in technical literature, including authorship of a popular engineering textbook. He is a long-standing member of the Defense Sciences Research Council (DARPA), and has served as Associate Chair and Chairman. He also has extensive industry experience including co-founding several companies, most recently Cepheid in Sunnyvale, CA. He received an NSF Young Investigator Award, held the Noyce Family Chair, and was a Terman and then University Fellow at Stanford. He is a Fellow of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering. Dr. Kovacs is a private pilot, scuba diver, and a Fellow National of the Explorers Club. Dr. Kovacs received a BS degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of British Columbia, an MS degree in Bioengineering from the University of California, Berkeley, and a Ph.D. and an MD degree from Stanford University.
John F. Lehman - Mr. Lehman is currently assigned as Divisional Administrative Contracting Officer (DACO) and Supplier Systems and Processes Team Leader at Defense Contract Management Agency (DCMA) Lockheed Martin Orlando. Previous assignments Include: DACO, DCMA Pratt & Whitney West Palm Beach, Florida; Administrative Contracting Officer (ACO), Program Integrator, Quality Assurance Division Chief, Program Support Branch Chief. Mr. Lehman spent 24 years in the service of the U.S. Navy Active and Reserve. His duties included supply and aviation support officer duties on USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71), Naval Air Station Oceana, VF-101, USS Manitowoc (LST-1180); reserve tours in contracting, distribution, contractor financial analysis. He received his Bachelor of Arts in Social Sciences from University of Pittsburgh, and his Master of Business Administration from the University of Baltimore, Merrick School of Business. He is a Certified Professional Contracts Manager (CPCM) and member of Defense Acquisition Corps. He is a Graduate of the Defense Program Management Course and is certified to Level III in both Contracting and Program Management.
Jim Mosquera - Mr. Mosquera has 23 years of experience in technical engineering and programmatic direction of U.S. Naval Nuclear Propulsion matters at Naval Reactors, a joint Department of Energy-Navy program. His experience includes positions in the Surface Ship Systems division responsible for nuclear propulsion plant fluid systems; the Nuclear Components Division; the Reactor Engineering Division; Advanced Submarine Technology Development, and is now the Chief Information Officer. He has graduate level training in Nuclear Engineering from the Bettis Reactor Engineering School and a BS in Chemical Engineering from the University of Illinois, Chicago.
Gary Olson - Mr. Olson has extensive experience in budgeting, planning, administration, legislative affairs, human relations and staffing gained during his 30 years on the staff of the Director of Naval Nuclear Propulsion. The Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program (NNPP), a joint effort of the Departments of Navy and Energy, is responsible for all aspects of nuclear propulsion for the U.S. Navy and assigned civilian nuclear projects. Mr. Olson retired from the Senior Executive Service as the Director of the Fiscal Division at the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program in the Atomic Energy Commission. Mr. Olson served in the US Navy Supply Corp, and he received his BA in Accounting from Clarkson University.
Gregory Phillips - Currently a Senior Air Safety Investigator for the National Transportation Safety Board's Office of Aviation Safety, Mr. Phillips also has served as an Aerospace Engineer (Systems) and a National Resource Specialist for Airworthiness Engineering. He has served in various engineering group chairman positions for more than 40 domestic and international incident/accident investigations, including USAir Flight 427; the United DC-10 accident in Sioux City, Iowa and the Avianca Boeing 707 accident in Glen Cove, NY. Prior to joining the NTSB in 1988, Mr. Phillips worked as a design engineer for Cessna Aircraft in Wichita, KS from 1979 to 1983 and for Northrop Aircraft in Los Angeles, CA from 1983 to 1988, where he was responsible for the design of aircraft structures, flight controls, hydraulic pneumatic, and environmental control systems. He holds a commercial pilot's certificate, and has a MA in Management from University of Redlands and a BS in Engineering from the University of Evansville
David B. Pye - Mr. Pye is an independent engineering and management consultant and licensed professional engineer, whose experience includes 38 years of nuclear propulsion plant engineering at Naval Reactors. He retired from his position as Director for the Reactor Engineering Division in 2001. In that position, he was responsible for the design, development, procurement and operational support of the reactors in all U.S. Navy submarines and surface ships, as well as those in the Department of Energy's land-based prototypes used for R&D and crew training. Mr. Pye has a MS in Engineering from George Washington University, an MS in Aeronautical and Ocean Engineering from Virginia Polytechnic Institute, and a BS in Mechanical Engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
Lester A. Reingold - Mr. Reingold is a writer and editor who has concentrated on aerospace issues, particularly flight safety. He is a frequent contributor to Air & Space/Smithsonian Magazine and has served as Contributing Editor of both Air Transport World and Condé Nast Traveler. He writes also for publications such as The Washington Post, USA Today, American Heritage, Discovery Channel Online and Air Line Pilot. In addition, he is a commentator on National Public Radio's Morning Edition. Mr. Reingold served for seven years on the staff of the National Transportation Safety Board, where he was a member of the "go teams" that are launched when an accident has occurred. He wrote final reports published by the NTSB on its accident investigations and directed studies of broad safety issues. Prior to his tenure at the Safety Board, he served as News Director of the Federal Trade Commission. Mr. Reingold holds a BA in History, Summa Cum Laude, from Washington University in St. Louis, as well as an MS in Journalism from Columbia University.
Donald J. Rigali - Mr. Rigali is currently a consultant to Sandia National Laboratories and the United States Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL). He retired from Sandia National Laboratories as the Director of the Aerospace Systems Development Center, where he directed work in the areas of National Missile Defense, smart targeting, hypersonic weapons and technology, access to space, and entry systems research and development. Mr. Rigali received an MS in Mechanical Engineering from the University of New Mexico, a BA from the College of St. Thomas and a BS in Aeronautical Engineering from the University of Notre Dame.
Dr. James. W. Smiley - Dr. Smiley's professional experience includes 38 years of increasing responsibility for the U.S. Nuclear Navy's nuclear power plants programs. Prior to retirement in 2001 from the Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory, Dr. Smiley was project manager for the design of the propulsion plant of the new U.S. Navy Virginia Class submarine. Dr. Smiley also has led the laboratory team that reviewed causes and lessons learned from the Three Mile Island and Chernobyl accidents. His expertise also includes design, construction and testing of advanced reactor concepts, including nuclear design, reactor performance, reactor safety and direct energy conversion. Dr. Smiley has a Ph.D. in Nuclear Engineering from Pennsylvania State University, an MS in Nuclear Engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, an MS in Industrial Administration from Union College, and a BS in Engineering Science from Penn State.
G. Mark Tanner - Mr. Tanner is a Vice President and Senior Consulting Engineer at Mechanical & Materials Engineering. He is responsible for failure/forensic analyses, mechanical analyses, and metallurgical examinations on a variety of industrial equipment. Mr. Tanner also conducts on-site investigations on a variety of components including chemical, petrochemical, pulp and paper, utility, heavy manufacturing, food, and commercial establishments. He has coordinated more than 250 analyses in his career. During the last 10 years, his primary responsibility has been in large failure investigations that require extensive on-site investigation and often reconstruction of the failed components to determine the origin of failure. He also assists and coordinates a team of experts to determine the root cause of the failure. Mr. Tanner provides assistance in risk assessment of industrial equipment and helps with the identification and quantification of risk associated with the maintenance, operation, inspection, monitoring, history, and engineering practices applied to complicated equipment. He received his Bachelor of Science and Masters of Science degrees from Texas A&M University, and is a registered professional engineer. He has authored or co-authored 17 papers and given six invited technical presentations.
Lt. Col. Wade J. Thompson - Currently Operations Officer of the U.S. Air Force's 354th Fighter Squadron (the Bulldogs,) at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, AZ, Col Thompson has served as a fighter pilot, instructor pilot, assistant operations officer and on the Air Staff. A command pilot with more than 2,800 hours in fighter and trainer aircraft, he has combat experience as an A/OA-10 pilot during Operations ALLIED FORCE, SOUTHERN WATCH and ENDURING FREEDOM. He holds a MPA from the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, a MA in International Relations from the University of Helsinki and a BS in Astronautical Engineering from the U.S. Air Force Academy.
Bob Vallaster - Mr. Vallaster has conducted more than 60 major aircraft mishap investigations as an investigator at the Naval Safety Center and another 138 investigations as an Air Safety Investigator for the National Transportation Safety Board between 1990 and 1994. He was a Marine Corps pilot from 1971 to 1990 and received a BS in Management from the University of West Florida.
Lt. Col. Donald J. White - As Director of Human Factors Investigation and Analysis at the Headquarters Air Force Safety Center at Kirtland Air Force Base, Col. White directs and executes all human factors and human performance functions of the Center for prevention and investigation of mishaps and events. He is responsible for identification of hazards and risk and for developing intervention and risk mitigation programs for all Air Force human performance and human factors issues and has investigated 20 mishaps or events. He is an adjunct faculty member to the U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine, and is a military high-altitude, low-opening parachute jumpmaster with more than 3,000 military parachute jumps. Col. White holds an MA in Physiology from Kent State University and BS in Physiology from Frostburg State University.
Dr. Paul D. Wilde - In his role as an aerospace engineer in the Federal Aviation Administration's Licensing and Safety Division, where he focuses on rocket safety, Mr. Wilde has performed entry survivability analysis and extensive work on blast and debris. He has also worked on rocket safety issues in private industry, supporting U.S. Air Force Flight Safety and Analysis. He holds a PhD, MS and BS in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Santa Barbara and is a licensed Professional Engineer.
LCDR Johnny R. Wolfe Jr. - LCDR Wolfe currently serves as Technical Director for Strategic Systems Programs at the Program Management Office in Sunnyvale, CA, where he is in charge of technical configuration control for the Trident I/II missiles (C-4/D-5) and is the engineering lead for all missile problem investigations. He has also served as lead systems engineer on the Ballistic Missile Defense Office (BMDO) joint skunkworks project run by the U.S. Air Force at Kirtland Air Force Base; assistant for Submarine communications and Special Operations communications integration; assistant for Fire Control Production, Development and Operations; and Assistant Head of the Missile Engineering Section. He holds a MS in Applied Physics from the Naval Postgraduate School and a BS in Marine Systems Engineering from the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy.
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