Damage in Tillamook County - a Case Study
Floods in Tillamook
County, Oregon, in the winter of 1996, forced thousands of people
from their homes, destroyed highways and businesses, and drowned
more than 700 dairy cows. Federal help covered about $8 million,
but uncompensated losses totaled $53 million - a devastating blow
for a small county of 25,000 people with average incomes of $18,000
A county commissioner
called the National Partnership for
Reinventing Government (NPR). NPR selected Tillamook to demonstrate
web-based GIS to support community planning.
products can turn raw data about populations, highways, biological
resources, disease, the environment, and crime statistics into understandable
web-based maps or displays that can support community planning.
For Tillamook, the first use was to display areas where flood control
was needed and where to protect specific property.
FEMA's Project Impact
-- a project to build disaster-resistant communities -- the county
mobilized with support from the Army Corps of Engineers and HUD.
The community elevated 55 homes and 14 businesses, and even critter
pads for the cows.
Day, 1999, 9.1 inches fell in 48 hours. Thanks to GIS, federal support,
and motivated people, damage was reduced by 96 percent - nearly
$50 million - compared to 1996. And this dairy-oriented county lost
not one of its 20,000 cows.
NPR and a Federal
Geographic Data Committee are working with states and local governments
and the private sector to develop standards and create a web
clearinghouse of nearly 200 spatial dataservers.
for Reinventing Government