Information Technology Management Reform Act of 1996
Division E: Information
Technology Management Reform
Information Technology Management Reform Act of 1996 - Title
LI (sic): Responsibility for Acquisitions of Information Technology
- Subtitle A: General Authority - Repeals the Brooks Automatic
Data Processing Act, which authorizes and directs the GSA Administrator
to coordinate and provide for the economic and efficient purchase,
lease, and maintenance of automatic data processing equipment
by Federal agencies.
Subtitle B: Director
of the Office of Management and Budget
- Requires the Director of the Office of Management and Budget
(OMB), with respect to information technology in the Federal Government,
to: (1) exercise capital planning control; (2) promote the improvement
of the acquisition, use, and disposal of such technology through
the improvement of Federal programs; (3) develop as part of the
budget process a process for analyzing, tracking, and evaluating
the risks and results of all major capital investments in information
systems by executive agencies; (4) oversee the development and
implementation by the Secretary of Commerce of standards and guidelines
pertaining to Federal computer systems; (5) designate executive
agents for information technology acquisitions and require such
agents to use best acquisition practices; (6) assess other models
for managing information technology; (7) compare, and disseminate
results of, various agencies' use of information technology; (8)
monitor the development and implementation of training for executive
personnel; (9) inform the Congress with respect to such technology
in the Federal Government; and (10) coordinate the development
and review of policy associated with Federal information technology
Requires the OMB Director to: (1) encourage performance- and results-based
management in fulfilling his responsibilities; and (2) evaluate
the information resources management practices of the executive
agencies with respect to the performance and results of investments
made in information technology. Provides enforcement authority
for the Director in the accountability of agency heads for information
resources management and investments.
Executive Agencies - Requires the head of each executive agency
to design and implement in such agency a process for maximizing
the value and assessing and managing the risks of information
technology acquisitions. Directs such agency heads to utilize
the same performance- and results-based management practices as
encouraged by the OMB Director, and to prepare an annual report
to the Congress concerning progress in achieving such goals. Provides
specific authority of such agency heads with respect to information
Designates a Chief Information Officer (currently, a senior official)
within each executive agency, with appropriate duties relating
to information technology acquisition and management.
Requires the head of each agency, in consultation with the Chief
Information Officer and Chief Financial Officer of such agency,
to establish policies and procedures to ensure the integration
within such agency of financial and information systems.
Requires agency heads to identify any major information technology
acquisition program, or phase or increment of such program, that
has significantly deviated from its cost, performance, or schedule
Authorizes agency information technology funding to be used to
support jointly with other agency heads the activities of interagency
groups established to advise the OMB Director in carrying out
his information technology responsibilities under this title.
Other Responsibilities - Directs the Secretary of Commerce
to promulgate standards and guidance pertaining to the efficiency,
security, and privacy of Federal computer systems. Authorizes
the President to disapprove or modify such standards. Authorizes
an agency head to employ more stringent standards as long as such
standards contain those standards made compulsory and binding
by such Secretary. Authorizes the Secretary to waive such standards
when compliance would adversely affect the mission of a computer
operator or cause a major adverse financial impact on such operator
which is not offset by Government-wide savings.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that, during the five-year
period beginning with 1996, executive agencies should achieve
each year at least a five percent decrease in information technology
operation and maintenance costs, as well as a five percent increase
in efficiency of operations.
National Security Systems - Excludes, with exceptions, national
security systems from the provisions of this title.
Process for Acquisitions of Information Technology - Directs
the Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council to ensure that the
information technology acquisition process is a simplified, clear,
and understandable process that specifically addresses the management
of risk, incremental acquisitions, and the need to incorporate
commercial information technology in a timely manner.
Requires each agency head, to the maximum extent practicable,
to use modular contracting for the acquisition of a major system
of information technology. Requires implementation of the modular
contracting process through the FAR.
Information Technology Acquisition Pilot Programs - Subtitle
A: Conduct of Pilot Programs - Authorizes the Administrator of
Federal Procurement Policy (FPP) to conduct pilot programs in
order to test alternative approaches for the acquisition of information
technology by executive agencies. Provides pilot program conditions
and limitations, including a time limit of five years for each
Directs each agency head conducting such a pilot program to establish
measurable criteria for evaluating the effects of the procedures
or techniques to be tested under the program. Requires the FPP
Administrator to submit to the Congress a detailed test plan for
a pilot program before it may be conducted.
Directs the FPP Administrator, within 180 days after completion
of a pilot program under this subtitle, to: (1) report to the
OMB Director on the program's findings and results; and (2) provide
a copy of such report to the Congress.
Requires the OMB Director to submit to the Congress recommendations
for legislation if he finds that a pilot program's results and
findings indicate that such legislation is necessary or desirable.
Specific Pilot Programs - Allows the FPP Administrator to
authorize the heads of two executive agencies to carry out a pilot
program in which a private contractor provides the Federal Government
with an information technology alternative process, and the private
contractor is paid a portion of the savings derived by the Government
from improvements made through such alternative process.
Allows the FPP Administrator to authorize the heads of two executive
agencies to carry out a pilot program to test the feasibility
of using solutions-based contracting for the acquisition of information
technology. Defines such contracting as an acquisition method
under which the objectives are defined by the Federal user of
the technology, a streamlined contractor selection process is
utilized, and industry sources are allowed to provide solutions
that attain such objectives. Outlines acquisition process requirements
under such pilot program, including the use of simple solicitations,
proposals, and evaluations. Directs the FPP Administrator to establish
a joint working panel of Federal personnel and representatives
of the information technology industry to design a plan for the
conduct of any pilot program under this section. Outlines required
plan contents. Requires the Comptroller General to: (1) monitor
acquisitions made under the pilot program; and (2) periodically
report monitoring results to the Congress.
Additional Information Resources Management Matters - Directs
the GSA Administrator, by no later than January 1, 1998, and using
the Federal Acquisition Computer Network (FACNET), to provide
Government-wide on-line computer access to information on products
and services available for ordering under the multiple award schedules.
Adds to required FACNET functions. Authorizes the FPP Administrator
to establish a pilot program to test streamlined procedures for
the procurement of information technology products and services
available under such award schedules. Requires the pilot program
to be applicable to all multiple award schedule contracts for
the purchase of information technology, and to test specified
procedures. Requires a Comptroller General review and report on
such pilot program. Authorizes the FPP Administrator to withdraw
a multiple award schedule or portion thereof from the pilot program
upon certain determinations. Terminates the pilot program four
years after its establishment, unless reauthorized by law.
Directs each agency head to: (1) inventory all computer equipment
under their control; and (2) maintain an inventory of any such
equipment that is excess or surplus property.
Directs each agency head to ensure that, if that agency's information
systems disseminate information to the public, then an index of
such disseminated information is included within a directory published
by the Government Printing Office under Federal law.
Procurement Protest Authority of the Comptroller General -
Revises time limitations with respect to the procurement protest
Conforming and Clerical Amendments - Makes various conforming
and clerical amendments related to changes made under this Division.
Effective Date, Savings Provisions, and Rules of Construction
- Provides, with respect to this Division, an effective date,
savings provisions, and rules of construction.